Institute for Community & Adolescent Resilience (ICAR-US

Our Phramework™

A Full Spectrum Approach to Youth Development

With Integrative Youth Development™, we have constructed a comprehensive phramework™ that works to support young people from all cultures. A pool of protective factors has been compiled over the years in youth development. You will hear the terms Elements, Conditions, Pillars, Developmental Assets™, Assets, Virtues, and Supports. While each label has research to show its effectiveness, the truth is that ALL of these labels show a correlation between their presence in kids and their likelihood of success!

Integrative Youth Development strives to take the best of the youth-development research, and then focus our efforts on each child or teen and deliver systemic improvements that positively affect all kids. To accomplish this we have two domains: tangible and intangible. The tangible supports can be seen and measured, and the intangible supports, while just as important, are very difficult to measure and highly subjective.

IYD's phramework™ has seven measurable phactors that can show progress in your work with children and youth.

Phactor Red

Phactor Red — Rule of Five

Every child/youth needs to have and maintain at least five positive, caring adults ("anchors") in his or her life who have and communicate high expectations for them.

Based on research from America's Promise; Hard Wired to Connect - Commission on Children at Risk; Derek Peterson, and Alaska ICE.

Phactor Orange

Phactor Orange — Tangible Supports

Easy-to-measure environmental supports typically provided by an individual's family, school and larger community.

Based on research by Emmy Werner, Richard Catalano and David Hawkins, Peter Benson, Michael Resnick, Derek Peterson, and Alaska ICE.

Phactor Yellow

Phactor Yellow — Intangible Supports

Harder-to-measure supports that each individual holds and nurtures within. They are virtues, values, and behaviors that have been taught to, modeled for, and absorbed by the individual.

Based on research by Emmy Werner, Richard Catalano & David Hawkins, Peter Benson, Michael Resnick, and Derek Peterson.

Phactors Red, Yellow and Orange

Phactors Red, Orange and Yellow — Web of Support

Together these provide the safety net, the "web of support," of a child/youth's healthy development. We believe that this "net" is much is a "dreamcatcher" that filters out the bad that comes into a child/youth's life and keeps in only the good.

Phactor Green

Phactor Green — The Child/Youth

The child/youth has innate resiliency factors (biological characteristics, talents, intelligences, and gifts), most of which can be grown.

Based on research by EO Wilson, Robert Wright, Michael Gurien, Daniel Goleman, Templeton Foundation, Martin Seligman, Howard Gardner, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Epigenetics, and the Human Genome Project.

Phactor Blue

Phactor Blue — Scissor Cuts

These are deficit behaviors/factors that can undercut a child/youth's ecological health.

Based on research by Centers for Disease Control, Communities that Care, and CADCA.

Phactor Indigo

Phactor Indigo — Caring for the Carers

Each Anchor needs to have his/her own network of support. They need support in order to avoid "dropping the strings" in the "webs of support" of the children/youth that they anchor.

Based on the Stress Scale Test, Duke University, University of Arizona, Robert Putnam.

Phactor 7

Phactor Violet — Social Norms

Climate or context have strong influence on what behaviors, attitudes, values, and beliefs the child/youth internalizes and/or participates in.

Based on research by Amatai Etzioni, Robert Bellah, Jeff Linkenbach, and political anthropologists/sociologists.

Research Supporting the IYD Phramework

IYD is the culmination of the best of the ecological youth development research in the world:

  • Hawkins and Catalano's Communities That Care
  • Benson's Developmental Assets
  • Kretzman and McKnight's Building Communities From the Inside Out
  • Pittman's Dashboard
  • Werner's Children of Kauai
  • Resnick's School Connectedness
  • Commission on Children At Risk's Hardwired to Connect, Character Counts
  • 4-H's youth development
  • Linkenbach's Social Norming
  • and more

IYD incorporates all of the evidence-based resiliency frameworks, with particular emphasis on the innate resiliency factors of Positive Social Orientation (Daniel Goleman's work on Emotional Intelligence), Optimism (Martin Seligman's work on Learned Optimism), and Identified and Valued Intelligences and Talents (Howard Gardner's work on 9 Multiple Intelligences and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi's work on Talents), gender, and faith.

Review the Solutions & Outcomes from implementing IYD programs.

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